of the Resume
This section is long but contains all the information necessary to help
you prepare your curriculum vitae, (also known as a CV, a
resume or personal data sheet). Each heading provides the
type of content to include, the language to employ, together with examples.
NB. It is unnecessary to put CV or any of the other names at the
top of the document as it should be very clearly recognised for
what it is!
of giving personal details is to make it as easy as possible for a company
to contact you at the right place and the right time! Do not put a heading
on this section.
First name first, last name last. It is common practice in English-speaking
countries to put your first name first, followed by your last name (surname).
Example It is not common
to write your last name using all capital letters. However, each part
of your name should begin with a capital letter. If you are from a non-Western
country or if you are sending your resume to a non-Western country,
it might be difficult for the reader to know what your last name is.
In this case you could indicate it by using capitals. There is sometimes
confusion between first names associated with a particular gender. E.g.
Lawrence in French. Be aware of this.
Give permanent (or home address) and campus (or local/temporary address)
addresses. For the campus address indicate the last day you will be
on campus so the employer knows exactly where and when he/she can contact
number. It is a good idea to include the country code - France
is 33 - so the employer can contact you easily. You do not need to
put in the first 0 in your telephone number as when one calls from
abroad it is not necessary. Include your cellphone number if you have
one and e-mail address.
Be aware that some countries use month, day, year order, while others
use day, month, year. To avoid this confusion always write the month
but be careful to check the dates if they only use figures!
law forbids employers to discriminate on grounds of race, creed
(religion), color or sex. It is therefore not necessary to include
any information on these details. No need either to include
date of birth or nationality. In Europe the date of birth is
commonly expected and the European CV format includes this field.
However, perhaps some companies will want to know if you are married;
marriage means "stability" for many. Finally, if you are
a non-EU citizen it might be important to indicate your nationality
as you may need to inform a company that you need a visa.
2. Job Objective
purpose of giving a job objective is to make the employer aware of
your goals. Other possible headings are: objective, or aim (sufficient
for an internship), job or career objective (for a full time position).
or aim is an important section because it informs the reader of what you
are looking for. However, it is not enough to say you want to work in
a particular department or want a particular position or do an internship
to gain practical experience. You have to demonstrate that you can bring
something to the firm. It should be a two way and not a one way street.
Companies are not in business to provide students with work or cultural
of the sections that follow the objective, educational background and
professional experience, should show skills or experiences that can support
that job objective.
For example, someone wanting to work in network management should show
related experience in training or in the work experience.
Grammar note. The job objective is often (but not always) expressed
in terms of a verb in the infinitive form, as in the first example. Examples:
a two month training period in a Web call centre.
a 6 month internship in the network and systems department
A summer work placement in a sales position to put my business skills
a full time position as a software developer.
3. Education The
purpose of this section is to show your background and skills. Other possible
headings for education are: educational background, educational
achievements, educational history.
what you want to include; you do not have to include all your educational
experience. You do want to include those that support your job objective.
If you are a typical first year student, you should include the TELECOM & Management SudParis , classes
préparatoires, and lycée.
the TELECOM & Management SudParis , you do not have to describe the TELECOM & Management SudParis in the resume; you should
do this briefly in the cover letter. Many students also send a brochure
on the TELECOM & Management SudParis which is available in English. See the International department
or the scolarité of your school.
should contain the dates which you attend the school. You may simply write
2002-2005 which makes it perfectly clear that you are currently a first
year student and that you will graduate in 2005.
dates include the degree which you are preparing and the name of the school.
Also mention any relevant classes or special projects (see
TELECOM & Management SudParis courses) )that you have done or will have done by the end of the
academic year which would support your job objective. This is also important,
especially later on, when you choose an option.
you may be attending Dauphine and preparing the parcours D@uphINT
: double diplôme (Dual Diploma) INT Management and MSG from
Paris IX-Dauphine. In which case use the same format as above. Other
university degrees may include
Two year degree in + (subject)
university diploma in + (subject)
Degree in + (subject)
For the License
B.S./BSc (Bachelor of Science), B.A. (Bachelor of Arts)
For the Maîtrise
(Master of Science), M.A. (Master of Arts)
For the DESS or DEA
Pre-doctoral studies in + (subject)
the classes préparatoires, mention the dates and name of
school which you attended. This is a very important experience to put
on your resume as it shows you are able to work very hard under stress,
to manage your time, to work successfully toward an objective and to compete.
To explain exactly what 'prépa' is you may write: Intensive
preparation for the national competitive entrance exams to leading French
business and engineering schools.
your lycée experience in a similar manner as the above school
experiences. For the U.S. you can write: Baccalauréat C (U.S. equivalent
high school plus one year) : If you mention the type of baccalauréat
you can write: specializing in and mention the subjects. If you received
any distinction or honors, mention it as this shows that you have excelled.
Equally any study abroad is extremely relevant. E.g.: Studied e-business
six months at Virginia Tech
Professional experience The purpose of this section is to highlight
your skills that are most immediately required by the position you
are applying for. Other terms you may use for the heading of this
section: employment, employment history, work experience, work
record, business experience, job history, career summary.
should include the dates you worked, the name of the company and at
least the city where it is located, the company's activity in parentheses
if it is not clear from its name, and your duties.
forget to relate your experiences to your job objective.
Be selective. Try to show your business and technical knowledge and
skills and your transferable skills and qualities. Also try to include
numbers: number of staff managed, percentages of sales increased,
results, budgets and buzzwords (i.e. concepts that are in fashion
at the time: e.g. CRM, ERP, e-business, quality of service).
are a first year student and have had little paid work experience,
think carefully about any work you may have done for a school association,
volunteer work, teaching, or a "small" job. These experiences
are not insignificant as they may involve skills which are useful
for any job situation. For example, working in a small shop shows
that you have had experience in retailing, communicating with customers,
dealing with money, and can assume responsibility. In the future,
however, as you gain more and more experience, you will want to eliminate
"lesser" professional experiences. Do not invent anything!
(professional experience or educational).
note. As mentioned above, it is important to show what you have done
related to your job objective and what skills you have acquired. This
is why you should try to begin a "sentence" in this section
with a verb that describes the activity.
exchange programmes you may well be asked for a letter of recommendation
from your school study supervisor (responsable pédagogique)
concerning your recent marks, and your language teacher with regard
to your ability to follow classes in another language. Don't hesitate
to ask for one when necessary. Sometimes you will have to ask
the school or your language teacher to fill in part of your application
form. Don't do this at the last minute!
5. Computer skills
Titles you may use for this section: computer skills; computer
literacy. (NB. The subject you study is usually referred to as
Under computer skills you may also want to make a further distinction
between operating systems, software, languages and networks. It is
also a good idea to describe what exactly you have done with them
rather than simply name the software. To obtain an internship general
computer skills may be extremely useful whereas employement may depend
on a particular skill. Adjust your CV accordingly. Examples
6. Languages and Personal
Communications skills are also extremely important. The purpose
of this section is to draw attention to foreign languages you know.
Keep in mind that employers are interested in how 'operational' you
are in a language. Listening, writing and conversational skills should
be clearly stated. Also note your external exam preparation or results
and the date when you are planning to take it or when you took it.
Don't forget that you speak French! Examples
Other headings you may use : outside activities, personal
interests, additional information, social skills.
The purpose of this section is to allow you, once again, to show
your skills such as teamwork, (ability to work with others
and to lead others), time management, (studying and regular
sports activities), competitive spirit, (success in terms
of prizes or awards won). It complements your professional experience
or replaces it if you have little or no paid work experience. Under
this heading you may also demonstrate your well-roundedness, i.e.
besides your technical knowledge and skills you have other interests
and an open mind.
this heading you should include: sports, volunteer or community
work, school government (US) or membership of associations,
Experience of different cultures, travel and stays abroad,
as well as any artistic competence should be indicated. You
may show any transferable skill. You not only give the name of the
particular activity but also try to describe it concisely and clearly
give the impression of having gained a skill from it.
For example, at school you participate in activity X for Y number
of hours per week. This shows that you are able to manage your time.
Sports show you are competitive and certain sports involve teamwork.
(Be careful if you want to show team spirit; do not give individual
sports!) Volunteer work can show motivation and a caring personality.
Being treasurer of an association suggests trustworthiness, being
president leadership qualities. Examples
it is customary to write at the bottom of the page: References:
Available on request. The purpose of this section is to show
the employer that there are people - people that know you well,
professors or employers - who can support the information you give
about yourself by sending a letter of recommendation. The
prospective employer will probably not want to contact any of your
references, especially for an internship, but it is still a good
idea to include this phrase. If an employer asks you for a reference,
first ask someone if he/she would agree to write a letter of reference
for you and then give the name and address of that person to the